South Carolina and World War II
South Caroliniana Library
This virtual collection brings together materials documenting the South Carolina home-front during World War II as well as experiences of South Carolina soldiers.
Spartanburg, South Carolina served as host to Camp Croft, one of nine Army Infantry Replacement Centers in the U.S. This camp’s primary function was training infantrymen to replenish units currently fighting in World War II. The camp opened in 1940 and closed in 1947, with all of the land being sold by 1950. The camp also housed 900 German prisoners of war, 1944-1946. This collection consists mainly of postcards sent from family members to infantrymen training at Camp Croft, with most of the postcards either being photographs or ink-printed depictions of life at Camp Croft. However, several postcards are from soldiers training at Camp Croft to their family or friends back home. Most photos are from 1944.
Columbia Army Air Base
Located in Lexington County, S.C., the military airfield began training bomber crews in 1941 and continued until late 1945. The airfield reverted to civilian use and became Columbia Metropolitan Airport. Over 180 photographs in the album show men from the 96th Air Base Squadron at work and at leisure inside the barracks and out. Social events include a Red Cross Social, a G.I. Hop, and Lee Bowman’s Band playing at a U.S.O. dance. Many photographs are identified with captions, and some are official Air Corps photographs printed at the base’s photo lab showing base operations, planes, and hangars.
This digitization of the Camp Croft materials was made possible by the Public History internship (HIST 480) held by Travis Byrd (B.A. Public History, 2012). Byrd scanned the items on the Epson 10000 XL Scanner, created metadata following Dublin Core Metadata Best Practices, and uploaded the items into the content management system. Thomas Moss (MLIS 2011) completed the digitization of the Columbia Army Air Base photograph album and uploaded into the content management system. Moss scanned the album on the Epson 10000XL Scanner. He also created metadata for the collection following Dublin Core Metadata Best Practices. This work could not have been done without the help of Beth Bilderback, Visual Materials Archivist of South Caroliniana Library and Tony Branch, systems administrator for the CONTENTdm database.