Selected Resources

Lithograph from "Southern Jollification" by Charles Kunkel, which can be found with sheet music from the CSAM Collection. CSAM 17
Lithograph from the cover of “Southern Jollification,” sheet music from the CSAM Collection. CSAM 17.

Branen, Jeff and Frederick G. Johnson. How to stage a Minstrel Show: A Manual for the Burnt Cork Director. Chicago: T.S. Denison & Company, 1921.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed. Beyond Blackface: African Americans and the Creation of American Popular Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Chilton, John. A Jazz Nursery: The Story of the Jenkins’ Orphanage Bands of Charleston, South Carolina. London: Bloomsbury Book Shop, 1980.

Daise, Ronald. Reminiscences of Sea Island Heritage: Legacy of Freedmen on St. Helena Island. Orangeburg, S.C.: Sandlapper, 1986.

Graham, Sandra Jean. “Spiritual.” Grove Music Online. (accessed November 30, 2015).

Gullah: A Legacy in Song: An Audio Documentary. CD. Zillow Productions, 2000.

Jenkins Orphanage (Charleston, S.C.). Answers to Inquirers of the Jenkins Orphanage Institute and Its Many Branches. [Charleston, S.C.]: [Jenkins Orphanage], 1926.

Lott, Eric. Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Marsh, J. B. T. The Story of the Jubilee Singers with their Songs. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1880.

Orphan Aid Society (Charleston, S.C.), and Daniel J. Jenkins. Constitution, by-Laws and Report of the Orphan Aid Society. Charleston, S.C.: Edward Perry, 1894.

Orphan Aid Society (Charleston, S.C.). God Dealing with Rev. D.J. Jenkins, the Orphanage Man. [Charleston, S.C.]: [Jenkins Orphanage], 1913.

Records, 1909 Nov. 14-1927 June 6. South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina.

Rice, Marianne. Music Education through Gullah: The Legacy of a Forgotten Genre. United States: Xlibris, 2009.

Shearon, Stephen, Harry Eskew, James C. Downey, and Robert Darden. “Gospel Music.” (accessed November 30, 2015).

SC Department of Parks Recreation and Tourism. “Gullah Traditions of the South Carolina Coast.” (accessed June 29, 2015).

Thieme, Darius. “Afro-American Folksong Scholarship.” Black Music Research Journal 10, no. 1 (Spring 1990): 9-13. (accessed November 30, 2015).

Taylor, Yuval and Jake Austen. Darkest America: Black Minstrelsy from Slavery to Hip-Hop. New York: Norton, 2012.